Tribakti: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman <p>The focus of this journal is to publish the results of research and thoughts on Islamic studies in the form of research articles and book reviews and thoughts. This journal contains articles that discuss Islamic studies and thoughts which include Culture, social, Education, politics, law, economics, and communication. This journal was published by Institut Agama Islam Tribakti (IAIT) Kediri with frequency published online biannually in January and July.</p> <p>Tribakti: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman has been accredited [Rank 3/Sinta 3] by The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia as an academic journal [<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SK Dirjen DIKTI No. 36<span class="fontstyle0">/E/KPT/2019</span></a>]</p> Institut Agama Islam Tribakti (IAIT) Kediri en-US Tribakti: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman 1411-9919 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Santri Delinquency From Social Psychology Perspective <p>Juvenile delinquency occurs anywhere and anytime, including in Islamic boarding schools. Several studies have shown that students’ problematic behavior is sometimes strange and deviates from the rules of the Islamic boarding school. Therefore, the researcher seeks to deeply examine the juvenile delinquency of students in the Islamic boarding school community. This research is literature research, descriptive research, qualitative research, and exploratory which examines in-depth literature based on General and Social Psychology on Islamic boarding schools to find new aspects related to juvenile delinquency of santri. The analysis used a content analysis study and an in-depth discussion of the written information contents. The results indicated that juvenile delinquency students stem from unhealthy behavior; among the causes; are psychic instability, superego deficiency, control, and defective perceptual function. The therapy for problem students is cognitive behavioral therapy or Cognitive Behavior Modification, which combines cognitive and behavioral approaches to solve problems. Some efforts were: first, initial assessment and diagnosis; second, looking for the root of the problem from negative emotions, thought process deviations, and central beliefs related to the disorder; third, an intervention plan prepared by the counselor to provide positive-negative consequences for counseling; fourth, status formulation, therapeutic focus, behavioral intervention, and fifth is relapse prevention and self-help training</p> Azam Syukur Rahmatullah Copyright (c) 2022 Azam Syukur Rahmatullah 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 33 2 189 208 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2761 The Perceptions and Tendencies of Judges Religious Court In Using the Kitab Kuning (Books of Fiqh) in Indonesia <p>This research investigates the judges’ perception and tendency to refer to the Books of Fiqh (Kitab Kuning). This research focuses on sharia economic dispute settlement in Indonesian religious courts. The research method used combines normative legal and empirical socio-legal research. The results found that the perception and tendency of judges towards several sources of legal rules in assessing, weighing, and deciding a sharia economic case in the Indonesian Religious Courts, did not always rely on one KHES as a material source. In Indonesian law, judges cannot use only one source in resolving sharia economic disputes, such as the Book of Fiqh (Kitab Kuning) only. However, it is an equally important combination, and it can be seen from several decisions of the Religious Courts in Indonesia.</p> Aris Irawan Fitri Wahyuni Reza Hanifa Asneliwarni Rias Wita Suryani Copyright (c) 2022 Aris Irawan, Fitri Wahyuni, Reza Hanifa, Asneliwarni, Rias Wita Suryani 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 33 2 209 222 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2030 Online-Offline in Religion; Observing Islamic Learning Patterns in Online Media <p>This study aims to unravel the phenomenon of digital society in understanding and learning Islam through the internet. The current human tendency to rely on information available through smartphones has given birth to the reality of shifting learning patterns that do not have to meet directly with the teacher. Even the presence of a virtual teacher is considered sufficient to justify an excellent religious way. This study uses a qualitative method with a netnographic approach that intends to reveal social phenomena in cyberspace. This method uses a particular analytical technique offered, AMS (Siber Media Analysis), which goes through 4 levels: Media room level, media document level, media object level, and experience level. This study found that online internet users can access information about religious rituals and procedures for doing them. So, internet users are part of the world's religious adherents who carry out the same religious creed. On the other hand, religious authority as a source of knowledge in learning Islam on the internet is not always institutional but can also be individual. As a result, the Islamic pattern of understanding Islam among netizens is more&nbsp;<em>accessible</em>, inclusive, egalitarian, and<em>&nbsp;</em>shows multidimensional interactions between individuals and other religious groups.</p> Achmad Muhibbin Zuhri Jauharoti Alfin Copyright (c) 2022 Achmad Muhibbin Zuhri, Jauharoti Alfin 2022-08-02 2022-08-02 33 2 223 238 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2720 Epistemology of the Integration of Religion and Science Qur'anic Perspective <p>The problem facing contemporary epistemology is the dichotomy between revelation, reason, and the senses. The West prioritizes reason and senses, ignoring revelation, causing civilization to deviate from its nature. Eastern Islam puts forward revelation that ignores reason and senses so that it cannot solve contemporary problems because its knowledge is not built on natural and social laws. This paper is intended to answer this epistemological problem by using a philosophical method with a library research approach. From this discussion, it was found that there are three tools for producing knowledge according to the perspective of the Qur'an, namely, revelation, reason, and the senses. Revelation is a tool to know the unseen while reason and senses are tools to produce natural and social domains. All of these tools are combined and integrated into obtaining the expected knowledge.</p> Husein Aziz Copyright (c) 2022 Husein Aziz 2022-08-07 2022-08-07 33 2 239 264 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2833 Model of Strengthening Nationalism and Mapping Radical Understanding in Pacitan Islamic Boarding Schools <p>The purpose of this study was to describe the vital elan of nationalism in students' souls, explain students' understanding of the dangers of radicalism, analyze the model of strengthening nationalism in Islamic boarding schools, and analyze the mapping model of radicalism in Islamic boarding schools. This research method is a grounded research model with a naturalistic paradigm. Data were collected using in-depth interviews and documentation. Meanwhile, the data analysis used inductive-naturalistic-interpretive techniques. The results of this research found that the expression of the elan vital of nationalism in the soul of the santri is shown through obedience, respect for state symbols, obedience to government rules, and living the substantive meaning of symbols and state philosophy. The form of thought is in the form of the belief that the concept of the Four Pillars of Nationality is final, while the action is in the form of implementing the values of the Four Pillars of Nationality through learning and daily activities.</p> Mukodi Mukodi Copyright (c) 2022 Mukodi Mukodi 2022-08-10 2022-08-10 33 2 265 286 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2018 Active Non-Violence Education in Rural Culture <p>This article aims to describe a portrait of peace education involving three religions (Islam, Christianity, and Hinduism) in Plajan Village, Jepara Regency, Central Java. Also, to explain the practice of religious moderation through non-violent education implemented by the religious leaders there. Through a qualitative approach, the researcher observed the interaction between religious leaders to obtain data on the practice of religious moderation. Researchers conducted interviews with Kiai, priests, Hindu religious leaders, and village heads to reveal a portrait of non-violent education. Documentation is a complement to research data, especially in the form of a profile of Plajan village which is already known as a multicultural village. In conclusion, there are two values ​​of religious moderation practiced by religious leaders in Plajan Village, namely <em>tasamuh</em> (tolerance) and <em>syura</em> (deliberation). These two values ​​are in line with the concept of religious moderation initiated by the Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia. While the value of <em>ukhuwwah basyariyyah,</em> although outside the categorization of religious moderation from the Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia, is essentially in line with the value of <em>islah</em> (reform) and <em>qudwah</em> (pioneering).</p> Ahmad Saefudin Fathur Rohman Karwadi Karwadi Nasikhin Nasikhin Copyright (c) 2022 Ahmad Saefudin, Fathur Rohman, Karwadi Karwadi, Nasikhin Nasikhin 2022-08-18 2022-08-18 33 2 287 308 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2860 A Discourse of Mudawanah al-Usrah; Guaranteeing Women's Rights in Family Law Morocco's <p>Moroccan family code reform (<em>mudawanah al-usrah</em>) passed in 2004 after a long and dramatic process promoted by Moroccan women against retreating Islamists and male domination. This paper reviews Muslim family law (<em>mudawanah al-usrah</em>) in Marocco. Based on a literature research method that uses a normative juridical approach with a statutory approach, this paper aims to discuss the challenges and opportunities in guaranteeing women's rights in Moroccan family law. The study indicates that <em>mudawanah al-usrah</em> is a meeting point between Islamic rules and international conventions, providing a new identity for Moroccan society, especially women and their rights. This reform was also influenced by the Islamic feminist movement, which produced reforms to improve gender equality in Moroccan society. That was also expected to provide an overview of the protection of women's rights in family law, especially in Morocco, and become material for evaluation in its implementation in society. This study is also expected to be a reference for activists of family law studies to continue to develop the protection of women's rights in Islamic family law.</p> Sheila Fakhria Siti Marpuah Copyright (c) 2022 Sheila Fakhria, Siti Marpuah 2022-08-22 2022-08-22 33 2 309 324 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2640 Interfaith Religious Harmony in Besowo Kediri Landscape <p>Religious people realize the importance of maintaining religious harmony, tolerance in religion is needed in conditions of heterogeneous community areas. Theologically religion teaches its people to be tolerant in religion, this is reflected in the various lives in Besowo village, Kediri, where conditions of religious life run in harmony and peace. This study will look comprehensively at the portrait of the relationship between diverse people in Besowo, the factors that encourage the creation of religious harmony, the role of religious leaders and public perceptions in seeing the era of globalization in the eyes of religious harmony. The results showed that the Besowo community had built religious harmony from generation to generation, culture became one of the adhesive fields in inter-religious relations, while religious leaders played a role in encouraging the development of moderate religious attitudes both in mindset and behavior, in addition to facing the era of globalization. Global society is required to be wiser and behave positively on social media.</p> Khainuddin Khainuddin M Thoriqul Huda Copyright (c) 2022 Khainuddin Khainuddin, M Thoriqul Huda 2022-08-23 2022-08-23 33 2 326 344 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2328 Reconciliation of Ulama and Umara in Socio-Political Conflict through Sufistic Approach <p><em>Ulama</em> have a role as cultural and moral figures to protect and foster people in social life. <em>Umara</em> is a political elite tasked with carrying out state political policies and maintaining state ideology. In the socio-political context, the <em>ulama</em> and <em>umara</em> synergize with each other to realize the unity and harmony of the people in religion and the state. In reality, some Islamic organizations led by ulamas create a commotion in the country and are very opposed to the <em>umara</em> policy, causing divisions among community groups. Based on the problems above, the study's results show that &nbsp;(1) the involvement of <em>ulama</em> and <em>umara</em> in the political stage is not new. That strong support from the Shari'a is exemplified by the Prophet Muhammad and <em>Khulafa Ar-Rashidin</em>. (2) <em>Ulama</em> and <em>umara</em> should create an ideal society, namely a society that is independent and runs on the correct principles. (3) Social <em>Sufism</em> offers a solution to overcome conflicts between <em>ulama</em> and <em>umara</em> amid society.</p> Hilmi Ridho Mirwan Mirwan Copyright (c) 2022 Hilmi Ridho, Mirwan Mirwan 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 33 2 345 358 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2007 Sampang Regency Government Strategy in Reconciliation of Sunni-Shia People <p>This study is intended to describe the government's propaganda strategy in reconciling followers of the Shi'a and Sunni sects in Sampang Regency. This research was conducted to find out how the government resolves the conflict between the two sects of Islam in Sampang Regency and the government's role in finding common ground between the two. This study uses a field research method that describes and presents the data descriptively. The results of this study indicate that the reconciliation propaganda strategy chosen by the government is a cultural strategy with cultural approaches. The strategy starts from affective aspects, cognitive aspects, and aspects. In addition, the government as a mediator absorbs and collects aspirations from below, both from ulema/kyai and Sunni community leaders and Shiite leaders.</p> Dwi Putri Robiatul Adawiyah Dinda Marta Almas Zakirah Dessy Dwi Lestari Copyright (c) 2022 Dwi Putri Robiatul Adawiyah, Dinda Marta Almas Zakirah, Dessy Dwi Lestari 2022-09-01 2022-09-01 33 2 359 370 10.33367/tribakti.v33i2.2029