Al-Ummi Dalam Al-Qur’an; Studi Tafsir Tematik Terhadap Literasi Nabi Muhammad

  • Muhammad UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Keywords: al-Ummi, Thematic Tafsir, Literacy

Abstract

One of the mandatory nature of the prophet is intelligent. One sign of someone can be said to be intelligent when able to read-write. If the Prophet Muhammad was unable to read the writing, he lost one of his face traits. Scholars interpret the pronunciation of al-Ummi by not being able to read writing. When interpreted so can damage the prophetic reputation. This article discusses the intent of al-Ummi pronunciation in the Qur'an using qualitative method, using the Muḍū'ī interpretation approach, which is to compile the pronunciation of al-Ummi in the Qur'an, then recite one the pronunciation. Historically, rebuilding history has passed through the events of the corner as they were in the current space and time. Sociology, analyzing the truth from a social standpoint. By knowing the social conditions Arab Jahiliyah became a strong source of the presence or absence of write writing at the time. The results of the study show that writing was already running during the Jahiliyyah. All of Muhammad's uncle was able to read writing. None of the relevant pronunciation of al-Ummi is interpreted as unable to read the writing, but al-Ummi's pronunciation in the Qur'an has a meaning of 1) Arabs. 2) People who have never listened to scripture readings.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

‘Alwi al-Saqqaf. Takhrij Ahadits wa Atsar Kitab fi Dzilal al-Qur’an li Sayyid Quthub. Riyadh: Dar al-Hirjah, 1991.

‘Ali Abd al-Fattāh al-Maghrabī. al-Nubuwah wa al-Anbiyā’fī al-Fikr al-Islāmī. Kairo: Maktabah Wahbah. 1994. 16-34.

Aris Fauzan. Al-Nabi al-Ummiy dalam Telaah Historis-Semiotik. Jurnal Kajian Keislaman dan Kemasyarakatan, Vol. 3, No. 1, Juni, 2018.

Ahmad Hanif Fahruddin. Learning Society Arab Pra Islam (Analisis Historis dan Demografis). Jurnal Kuttab. Vol. 1, No. 1, Maret, 2017.

Ahmad bin Yahya bin Jabir. Futuh al-Buldan Kairo: Lajnah al-Bayan al-‘Arab, 1957.

Abd al-Malik bin Hisyam. al-Sirah al-Nabawiyah Mesir: al-Halaby. 1936.

Ahmad bin ‘Ali al-Muqrizi. Imta’ al-Asma’ bi ma li al-Nabi min al-Ahwal wa al-Amwal wa al-Hafadah wa al-Mata’. Bairut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah. 1420.

Departemen Agama RI. Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya. Bandung: CV Diponegoro. 2008.

Dahrun Sarif. Pengaruh Alquran Terhadap Perkembangan Kaligrafi Arab. Jurnal Etnohistori. Vol. III, No. 2, 2016.

Eva Nugraha “Konsep al-Nabi al-Ummi dan Implikasinya dalam Penulisan Rasm” Refleksi Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuludddin. Vol. 12, No. 2, 2011.

Ghanim Qaddawari al-Hamd. Rasm al-Mushhaf Dirasah Lughawiyah Tarikhiyah. Baghdad: Lajnah al-Wathaniyah. 1402.

Husain bin Muhammad al-Damaghani. Qamus al-Qur’an aw Ishlah al-Wujuh wa al-Nadzair fi al-Qur’an al-Karim. Bairut: Dar al-‘Ilm li al-Malayin. 1980.

Israil Walifansun. Tarikh al-Lughat al-Samiyah. Mesir: Mathba’ah al-I’timad, 1348.

Isma’il bin ‘Umar bin Katsir al-Qursyi. Tafsir al-Qur’an al-‘Adzim. Mesir: Dar al-Kutub al-Misr, t,t.

Jawwād ʽAlī, al-Mufaṣṣal fī Tārīkh al-ʽArab Qabl al-Islām. Baghdād: Jāmiʽah Baghdād. 1993.

Muhammad bin Ismā‘īl al-Bukhārī. al-Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. Bairūt: Dar al-Ṭawuq al-Najāh, 1422.

Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Ya’qub. al-Fihrit li Ibn al-Nadim. Mesir: al-Maktabah al-Tijariyah, 1348.

Muhammad bin Muni’ al-Zuhri. al-Thabaqat al-Kubra. Mesir: al-Maktabah al-Tijariyah. 1345.

Muhammad Izzah Darwazah. al-Tafsir al-Hadits. Kairo: Dar al-Ihya’ al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyah, 1383.

Muhammad bin Mukram bin Mandzur al-Afriqi al-Mashri. Lisān al-‘Arab. Kairo: Dar al-Ma’arif, 1990.

Mukmin. Konsep Keummian Nabi Muhammad dalam al-Qur’an (Tela’ah Kritis Terhadap Pemikiran Agus Mustofa dalam Perspektif Ilmu Balaghah) Proseding Konferensi Nasional Bahasa Arab III. Malang: Oktober, 2017.

Muhammad bin Isma’il bin Ibrahim bin Mughirah al-Bukhari. Jami’ al-Musnad al-Sshahih al-Mukhtashar min ‘Umur Rasulillah. Dar: Thauq al-Najah, 1422.

Raghib al-Ashfahani. al-Mufradat fi Gharib al-Qur’an. Bairut: Dar al-Ma’rifah, t.t.

R. H. Tamimi. Muhammad SAW dan Peletakan Dasar Peradaban Islam. Jurnal of Islam and Plurality, Vol. 3, No. 1, Juni, 2018.

Sulaiman bin Ahmad bin Ayyub al-Thabrani. al-Mu’jam al-Kabir. Bairut: Maktabah al-‘Ulum wa al-Hukm, 1404.

Yahya Wahib al-Jubairi al-Khath wa al-Kitabah fi al-Hadharah al-‘Arabiyah. Bairut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 1994.

Published
2020-01-13
How to Cite
Muhammad. (2020). Al-Ummi Dalam Al-Qur’an; Studi Tafsir Tematik Terhadap Literasi Nabi Muhammad. Tribakti: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman, 31(1), 49-66. https://doi.org/10.33367/tribakti.v31i1.963