Religious Harmony in the Era of Globalization: Social Interaction of Muslim and Christian Religions in Pelang Village, Lamongan

  • Feryani Umi Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Budi Ichwayudi Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya, Indonesia
Keywords: Religous Harmony, Islam, Christian, Globalization

Abstract

Religious harmony is a coveted hope in building a nation and state community in an effort to achieve a safe, peaceful, and prosperous life. The interaction of people who have different beliefs is not a trivial matter to be addressed. However, collective awareness is needed to understand the importance of harmony in building community life with various religions. This study takes the theme of the role of local culture in preserving harmony, as well as the impact of globalization on inter-religious relations in Pelang Lamongan Village. The purpose of this research is to understand the role of local culture in preserving religious harmony, and to know the impact of globalization on inter-religious relations in the Pelang Lamongan village community. As for the analysis knife, this research uses the Trilogy theory of religious harmony, Mukti Ali, with the model of internal harmony between religious communities, inter-religious communities, and religious communities with the government. Research using a qualitative approach seeks to examine more deeply the pattern of inter-religious harmony in the village of Pelang Lamongan. With the findings, that culture is one of the efforts to build religious harmony such as local traditions, namely earth alms and life cycle rites, they become routines that they do continuously and continuously. This directly or indirectly has the consequence that it can foster and strengthen inter-religious harmony. An inclusive religious attitude also underlies the tolerant attitude of the Pelang village community, this attitude is manifested in the practice of gotong royong in carrying out socio-religious activities involving Muslims (NU, Muhammadiyah) and Christians. In addition, globalization can be used as capital in strengthening the intensity of social interaction among the people of Pelang Lamongan village.

References

Ariyono, dan Aminuddin Sinegar. Kamus Antropologi. Jakarta: Akademika Pressindo, 1985.

Barton, G., dan G. Fealy. “Nahdlatul Ulama: Traditionalist Islam and Modernity in Indonesia.” Monash University Asia Institute, 1996.

Basuki, A. Singgih. Pemikiran Keagamaan A. Mukti Ali. Yogyakarta: SUKA Press, 2013.

“Data Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) provinsi Jawa Timur tahun 2013,” t.t.

Fatih, Khoirul. “Dialog dan Kerukunan Umat Beragama di Indonesia Dalam Pemikiran Mukti Ali.” Jurnal Religi 13, no. 1 (2017).

Fianto, Jefri Adi. “Representasi Peristiwa Kerusuhan Syiah-Sunni di Sampang Madura.” Jurnal Commoline Departemen Komunikasi UNAIR 4, no. 1 (2013).

Hakim, Moh Nur. Islam Tradisional dan Reformasi ragmatisme Agama dalam Pemikiran Hasan Hanaf. Malang: Bayu Media Publishing, 2003.

Hermawati, Rina. “Toleransi Antar Umat Beragama.” JurnalUmbara 1, no. 2 (2016).

Husin, Khairah. “Peran Mukti Ali dalam Pengembangan Toleransi Antar Agama di Indonesia.” Jurnal Ushuluddin XXI, no. 1 (2014).

Jabiri, Muhammad Abed al-. Post-tradisionalisme Islam, terj. Ahmad Baso. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2000.

Ja’far, Suhermanto. Absolutisme Agama, Ideologi dan Upaya Titik Temu. Edisi III. Jurnal Al Afkar, 2000.

James, Black. Metode dan Masalah Penelitian Sosial. Jakarta: Refika Aditama, 1999.

Kaplan, David, dan Robert A. Manner. Teori Budaya. Jogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1999.

Karim, pada Oktober 2021.

Khalikin, Ahsanul. Pandangan Pemuka Agama tentang Eksklusifisme Beragama di Indonesia. Jakarta: Puslitbang Kehidupan Keagamaan Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI, 2013.

Khotimah. “Dialog dan Kerukunan Antar Umat Beragama.” Jurnal Ushuluddin XVII, no. 2 (2011).

Koenjtaraningrat. Metode- Metode Penelitian Masyarakat. Jakarta: Gramedia, 1994.

Margono, S. Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta, 1997.

Moleong, Lexy J. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya, 2007.

Muhadjir, Noeng. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Yogyakarta: Rake Sarasin, 1996.

“Peraturan Bersama Menteri (PBM) Agama No. 9 dan Menteri Dalam Negeri No. 8 tahun 2006 tentang Pendoman Pelaksaan tugas Kepala Daerah/Wakil Kepala Daerah dalam pemeliharaan Kerukunan Umat Beragama,” t.t.

Peursen, Van. Strategi Kebudayaan. Jakarta: Kanisus, 1976.

P.Spardley, James. Metode Etnografi. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 2007.

Safi, Jamin. “Konflik Komunal; Maluku 1999-2000.” Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah STKIP Kie Raha Ternate 12, no. 2 (2017).

Setara Institute. “202 Pelanggaran Kebebasan Beragama dan Berkeyakinan Terjadi.” https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/03/31/16014091/setara-institute-2018-202-pelanggaran-kebebasan-beragama-dan-berkeyakinan?page=all (blog), 2018.

Soekanto. Kamus Sosiologi. Jakarta: PT Raja Gravindo Persada, 1993.

Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif R&D. Bandung: ALFABETA, 2012.

Suja, I Wayan. Titik Temu Iptek dan Agama Hindu: Tafsir Ilmiah Ajaran Weda. Jakarta: Manikgeni, 2000.

Sujani. “Kerusuhan Sosial di Tasikmalaya pada tahun 1996.” Skripsi, Universitas Negeri Semarang, t.t.

Sulaeman, Mubaidi. “Permainan Bahasa Atas Tuduhan Gerakan Fundamentalisme Islam Dalam Politik Barat.” Kontemplasi: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin 7, no. 1 (2019).

Sumartana. Dialog, Kritik, Identtas Agama. Yogyakarta: Dian Interfir, t.t.

Suparto, Diryo. “Konflik Identiitas Sosial Masyarakat Temanggung (Kajian Kekerasan Sosial di Temanggung pada Tahun 2011.” jurnal Politika 4, no. 1 (2013).

Surahman, Sigit. “Determinisme Teknologi Komunikasi dan Globalisasi Media Terhadap Seni Budaya Indonesia.” REKAM: Jurnal Fotografi, Televisi, dan Animasi 12, no. 1 (21 November 2016): 31. https://doi.org/10.24821/rekam.v12i1.1385.

Suryadinata, Leo. Dilema Minoritas Tionghoa. Jakarta: Temprint, 1984.

Syamsuddin, M. S. “Religion and Politics in Islam: The Case of Muhammadiyah in Indonesia’s New Order.” Thesis, University of California, 1991.

Tim Penulis CRCS UGM. Tolikara, Idul Fitri 2015; Tentang Konflik Agama, Mayoritas-Minoritas dan Perjuangan Tanah Damai. Yogyakarta: CRSC UGM, 2015.

Wahid Foundation. Laporan Tahunan; Kemerdekaan Beragama dan Berkeyakinan di Indonesia 2017 ; Mengikis Politik Kebencian. Jakarta: Wahid Foundation, 2018.

Yaqin, Ainul. Pendidikan Multikultural, Cross-Cultural Understanding Untuk Demokrasi dan Keadilan. Yogyakarta: Pilar Media, 2005.

Yuwono, Yihanes. “Islam; Agama Anti Kekerasan.” LOGOS; Jurnal Filsafat dan Teologi 1, no. 1 (2002).

Published
2022-01-31
How to Cite
Umi, F., & Ichwayudi, B. (2022). Religious Harmony in the Era of Globalization: Social Interaction of Muslim and Christian Religions in Pelang Village, Lamongan. Tribakti: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman, 33(1), 173-188. https://doi.org/10.33367/tribakti.v33i1.2040