Al-Asfār al-Arba‘at sebagai Basis Metafisika Mullā Shadrā

  • Rahmat Effendi Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: al-Hikmat al-Muta‘āliyat, al-Asfār al-Arba‘at, Hierarchy, Mullā Shadrā

Abstract

Shadrā, who is known as the leader of Islamic philosophy, succeeded in synthesizing various views of the previous schools of thought. His philosophy is al-Hikmat al-Muta'āliyat which means transcendent wisdom as a transmission of wisdom that is directly present in a person through inner cultivation and spiritual purity. The synthesis is listed in the magnum opus, namely al-Asfār al-Arba'at. What and how Shadrā builds philosophical ideas on top of mystical and rational approaches is a speciality in Shadrā's philosophy. The existence of a relationship between each travel hierarchy and its philosophy is the focus of discussion in this study. This article is a literature study based on descriptive-analytical and holistic methods. The aim is to reveal how the hierarchy of Sadrā's spiritual journey relates to the building of his philosophy. Then look at the concept holistically that there is a connection between mystical experiences that contribute to building a holistic and diverse philosophical system.

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Published
2021-07-31
How to Cite
Effendi, R. (2021). Al-Asfār al-Arba‘at sebagai Basis Metafisika Mullā Shadrā. Tribakti: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman, 32(2), 333-352. https://doi.org/10.33367/tribakti.v32i2.1566