Motivasi Belajar Mahasiswa: Peran Dukungan Sosial Melalui Mediator Religiositas

  • Raden Rachmy Diana UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
  • Adam Anshori Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta
  • Sumedi P. Nugraha Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta
  • Yoga Achmad Ramadhan Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Samarinda
  • Lukman Lukman Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta
Keywords: Learning motivation, Social support, Religiosity, University Students

Abstract

Students’ motivation to learn has many important influences on university students. Motivation can increase learning involvement, learning autonomy, social presence and enrolment, critical thinking skills, writing skills, problem-solving skills, and learning achievement. This study aims to determine the effect of social support on student learning motivation through the mediator of religiosity. The research subjects were 202 students (male and female) at an Islamic university. The measuring instruments used are the Islamic Religiosity Scale from Nashori, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support from Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet, and Farley, and the Learning Motivation Scale from Utami, Nashori, and Rachmawati. The data were analyzed using stepwise regression. The results showed that social support and religiosity influenced learning motivation. So, social support influenced learning motivation with religiosity as a full mediator.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdullah, M. Y., & Al-Mofti, K. W. H. (2017). The Impact of Social Support on EFL Learners’ Motivation at Iraqi Kurdistan Universities. Modern Applied Science, 11(7), 51. https://doi.org/10.5539/mas.v11n7p51

Akidah, I., & Mansyur, U. (2019). Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar Terhadap Keterampilan Menulis Berita Mahasiswa. Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan, XIII, 71–78.

Akinsanya, O. O., Ajayi, K. O., & Salomi, M. O. (2011). Relative Effects of Parents’ Occupation, Qualification and Academic Motivation of Wards on Students’ Achievement in Senior Secondary School Mathematics in Ogun State. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 3(2), 2046–9578. http://www.bjournal.co.uk/ BJASS.aspx

Ancok, D., & Suroso, F. N. (2018). Psikologi Islami (Islamic psychology). Nucleic Acids Research. Pustaka Belajar.

Anita, I. W. A. W. (2015). Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar Ditinjau Dari Jenis Kelamin Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis. P2M STKIP Siliwangi, 2(2), 246. https://doi.org/10.22460/p2m.v2i2p246-251.184

Atnafu, M. (2012). Motivation, Social Support, Alienation from the School and their Impact on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics: The Case of Tenth Grade Students. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences, 8(1), 53–74.

Azwar, S. (2015). Realibilitas dan Validitas. Pustaka Belajar.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The Moderator-Mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research. Conceptual, Strategic, and Statistical Considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173

Barrett, D. W., Patock-Peckham, J. A., Hutchinson, G. T., & Nagoshi, C. T. (2005). Cognitive motivation and religious orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(2), 461–474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.05.004

Barus, E. E. (2016). Tauhid Sebagai Fundamental Filsafah Ekonomi Islam. Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi Darussalam, 2(1), 69–79. https://doi.org/10.24815/ jped.v2i1.6648

Chen, W. W. (2015). The relations between perceived parenting styles and academic achievement in Hong Kong: The mediating role of students’ goal orientations. Learning and Individual Differences, 37, 48–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.lindif.2014.11.021

Deci, E. L. (1971). Effects of externally mediated rewards on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 18(1), 105–115. https://doi.org/ 10.1037/h0030644

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1994). Promoting Self-determined Education. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 38(1), 3–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 0031383940380101

DeFreese, J. D., & Smith, A. L. (2013). Teammate social support, burnout, and self-determined motivation in collegiate athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(2), 258–265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.10.009

Dunn, T. J., & Kennedy, M. (2019). Technology Enhanced Learning in higher education; motivations, engagement and academic achievement. Computers and Education, 137(March), 104–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.04.004

Emeralda, G. N., & Kristiana, I. F. (2017). Hubungan Antara Dukungan Sosial Orang Tua Sekolah Menengah Pertama. Empati, 7(3), 154–159.

Fatima, S., Mehfooz, M., & Sharif, S. (2017). Role of Islamic Religiosity in Predicting Academic Motivation of University Students. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 9, 377_386. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1037/rel0000097

Filak, V. F., & Sheldon, K. M. (2008). Teacher support, student motivation, student need satisfaction, and college teacher course evaluations: Testing a sequential path model. Educational Psychology, 28(6), 711–724. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 01443410802337794

Gottfried, A. E., Fleming, J. S., & Gottfried, A. W. (1994). Role of Parental Motivational Practices in Children’s Academic Intrinsic Motivation and Achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 86(1), 104–113. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.86.1.104

Jalaluddin. (2016). Psikologi Agama : Memahami Perilaku dengan Mengaplikasikan Prinsip-Prinsip Psikologi (Edisi Revisi 2016). Raja Grafindo Persada.

Kim, E. (2016). The Relationship Between Parental Involvement and Children’s Educational Achievement in the Korean Immigrant Family Author(s): EUNJUNG KIM. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 33(4), 529–540.

Kurnianingtyas, D. (2015). Pengaruh Religiusitas, Perhatian Orangtua, dan Motivasi Belajar terhadap Prestasi Akademik Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Agama Islam Angkatan 2012/2013 Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. http://repository.umy.ac.id/handle/123456789/18100

Law, K. M. Y., Geng, S., & Li, T. (2019). Student enrollment, motivation and learning performance in a blended learning environment: The mediating effects of social, teaching, and cognitive presence. Computers and Education, 136(March), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.02.021

Legault, L., Green-Demers, I., & Pelletier, L. (2006). Why do high school students lack motivation in the classroom? Toward an understanding of academic amotivation and the role of social support. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98(3), 567–582. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.98.3.567

Manurung, T. M. S. (2017). Pengaruh Motivasi dan Perilaku Belajar Terhadap Prestasi Akademik Mahasiswa. JAS-PT Jurnal Analisis Sistem Pendidikan Tinggi, 1(1), 17. https://doi.org/10.36339/jaspt.v1i1.36

Mata, M. de L., Monteiro, V., & Peixoto, F. (2012). Attitudes towards Mathematics: Effects of Individual, Motivational, and Social Support Factors. Child Development Research, 2012, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/876028

McCown, R., Driscoll, M., & Roop, P. G. (1996). Educational psychology: A learning-centered approach to classroom practice. Annual review of psychology. Allyn & Bacon. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ps.13.020162.002103

Muhaya, A. (2015). Unity of Sciences According To Al-Ghazali. Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, 23(2), 311. https://doi.org/10.21580/ws.23.2.281

Mustafidah, H. (2010). Model Regresi Data Mining Motivasi Belajar Pengaruhnya Terhadap Tingkat Kedisiplinan Mahasiswa (Data Mining Regression Models of Learning Motivation Effect on Disciplinary Level of Students). JUITA Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, I(1), 1–4.

Najati, M. U. (2015). Al-Quran dan Ilmu Jiwa. Pustaka Hidayah.

Nashori, F. (2012). Pemaafan pada Etnis Jawa: Studi model pengaruh religiositas dan keterikatan interpersonal terhadap pemaafan pada etnis Jawa melalui sifat kebersetujuan dan sifat neurotisisme (kasus warga Kota Yogyakarta). Disertasi. Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung.

Novitarum, L., Tampubolon, L. F., & Manurung, R. A. (2018). Hubungan Motivasi Belajar Dengan Kecemasan Mahasiswa Menghadapi Osce. Jurnal Mutiara Ners, 1(1), 11–18.

Oh, H. (2017). Influence of learning motivation, communication skill, academic self-efficacy on self-directed learning ability in nursing student, 15(8), 311–321. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.8.311

Paninten, G.A. & Indrawati, E.S. (2020). Hubungan antara dukungan sosial teman sebaya dengan religiusitas pada komunitas Cah Hijrah Semarang. Jurnal EMPATI, 9 (4), 262-279.

Papalia, Olds, & Feldman. (2007). Human Development: 10 Edition. McGraw-Hill Education (Asia).

Paul, H., Subalukshmi, S. S. S., & Mala, V. (2015). Resilience, academic motivation and social support among college students. Indian Journal of Positive Psychology, 6(1), 106–110. https://login.ezproxy.net.ucf.edu/login?auth=shibb&url= http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edb&AN=100812569&site=eds-live&scope=site

Permana, A. D. I. (2016). Pengaruh Gaya Belajar Dan Motivasi Belajar Mahasiswa Terhadap Kemampuan Belajar Ilmu Alamiah Dasar, Jurnal Formatif, 6(3), 276–283.

Permatasari, D. S. (2018). Hubungan antara Dukungan Sosial Orangtua dengan Motivasi Belajar pada Mahasiswa Program Studi Psikologi Universitas Mercu Buana Yogyakarta. Universitas Mercu Buana Yogyakarta.

Putri, N. N. S. (2018). Hubungan Dukungan Sosial terhadap Motivasi Belajar pada Mahasiswa Perantau Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata Semarang. Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata. Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata. http://repository.unika.ac.id/id/eprint/19138

Rasdjo. D.S, Hendrayana, A. S., Erisyani, E., & Setiana, N. (2016). Kemandirian Belajar Terhadap Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa S1 PGSD Masukan Sarjana Di UPBJJ UT. Bandung. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 8(2), 154–167.

Rettinger, D. A., & Jordan, A. E. (2005). The relations among religion, motivation, and college cheating: A natural experiment. Ethics and Behavior, 15(2), 107–129. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327019eb1502_2

Saifuddin, A. (2019). Psikologi Agama, Implementasi Psikologi untuk Memahami Perilaku Beragama. Kencana.

Sakiz, G. (2012). Perceived instructor affective support in relation to academic emotions and motivation in college. Educational Psychology, 32(1), 63–79. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/01443410.2011.625611

Sambada, M. A. A. (2017). Hubungan antara Dukungan Sosial Orang Tua dengan Motivasi Belajar pada Mahasiswa Atlet. Empati. Universitas Brawijaya. http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/420

Sappaile, B. I., & Pristiwaluyo, T. (2019). Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar Dan Konsep Diri Terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematika. Indonesian Journal of Educational Studies, 22(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.26858/ijes.v22i1.9341

Sarafino, E. P., & Smith, T. W. (2012). Health psychology: Biopsychosocial interactions. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons. https://doi.org/10.1037/10113-006

Schaie, K. W., & Willis, S. L. (2000). A stage theory model of adult cognitive development revisited`. Springer Publishing Company, 8(2), 129–138. https://doi.org/10.2190/1TEA-M6PK-28A0-49HV

Sholihah, S. (2015). Pengaruh Dukungan Sosial Terhadap Peningkatan Motivasi Belajar Mahasiswa Pgsd Ums Angkatan 2012/2013. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. http://eprints.ums.ac.id/id/eprint/32646

Soeprayitno, S., & Rahayu, P. Y. (2019). The Influence of Knowledge Management towards Motivation Teaching in Boarding Schools. International Journal of Active Learning, 4(2), 114–125. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/ijal/article/ view/18109

Suciana, D., & Rozali, Y. A. (2014). Hubungan Dukungan Sosial dengan Motivasi Belajar pada Mahasiswa Universitas Esa Unggul. Jurnal Psikologi, 12(2), 43–47.

Sun, Y., & Gao, F. (2020). An investigation of the influence of intrinsic motivation on students’ intention to use mobile devices in language learning. Educational Technology Research and Development, 68(3), 1181–1198. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s11423-019-09733-9

Susilawati, S. (2018). Perbedaan Religiusitas Dan Motivasi Berprestasi Pada Mahasiswa Universitas Islam Negeri Uin Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang. JPIPS: Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, 5(1), 14–26. http://ejournal.uin-malang.ac.id/index.php/jpips

Syauqi, T. A. (2019). Gambaran Motivasi Berprestasi Peer Group Religius Pada Mahasiswa. Psikis: Jurnal Psikologi Islami, 5(2), 133–139. https://doi.org/ 10.19109/psikis.v5i2.2936

Trisno, A. (2010). Perbedaan Motivasi Berprestasi Antara Mahasiswa Aktivis Dan Non Aktivis Ukm Kerohanian Di Universitas Merdeka Malang. Jurnal Psikologi Tabularasa, 5(2), 323–334.

Utami, L. H., & Nurjati, L. N. (2017). Hubungan Self-Efficacy , Belief Dan Motivasi Dengan Kecemasan Mahasiswa Dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Psympathic, Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 4(2), 219–238.

Utami, S., Nashori, H. F., & Rachmawati, M. A. (2014). Pengaruh pelatihan adversity quotient untuk meningkatkan motivasi belajar siswa sekolah menengah pertama effect of adversity quotient training to improve learning motivation among junior high school students. Jurnal Intervensi Psikologi, 6(1), 131–149.

Vatankhah, M., & Tanbakooei, N. (2014). The Role of Social Support on Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation among Iranian EFL Learners. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 98, 1912–1918. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.622

Wiyoko, T., & Setiawan, I. (2019). Penerapan Edmodo untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Mahasiswa PGSD STKIP Muhammadiyah Muara Bungo. Jurnal Muara Pendidikan, 4(1), 238–245.

Zanthy, L. S. (2016). Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar Ditinjau Dari Latar Belakang Pilihan Jurusan Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Mahasiswa Di STKIP Siliwangi Bandung. Teorema, 1(1), 47. https://doi.org/10.25157/.v1i1.540

Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1), 30–41. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5201_2

Zulkarnain, M., Sari, E. Y. D., & Purwadi. (2019). Peranan dukungan sosial dan self esteem dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Magister Psikologi Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, 447–453.

Published
2021-12-04
How to Cite
Diana, R. R., Anshori, A., Nugraha, S. P., Ramadhan, Y. A., & Lukman, L. (2021). Motivasi Belajar Mahasiswa: Peran Dukungan Sosial Melalui Mediator Religiositas. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi, 6(2), 263-277. https://doi.org/10.33367/psi.v6i2.1748