Kontribusi Muhasabah dalam Mengembangkan Resiliensi Pada Orang Tua Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus

  • Fatma Laili Khoirun Nida Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kudus
Keywords: muhasabah, resilience, parents of dissability children

Abstract

The phenomenon of the poor quality of parental care for children with disabilities makes resilience one of the psychological capital that contributes to improving the quality of care. This study describes how through a muhasabah intervention in Blimbingrejo Village, Nalumsari District, Jepara Regency. The purpose of this study was to provide information for parents of children with special needs about muhasabah interventions in developing the resilience abilities of parents when carrying out their care. The urgency of this research is to reduce parenting stress experienced by parents because of the developmental barriers of their children. This research is qualitative with a case study approach through in-depth interviews and observation techniques. The study results explain that the condition of children with special needs is often a stressor for their parents. However, parents can live with complete steadfastness as a form of their resilience. The pattern of resilience formed is supported mainly by thinking about what they are trying to do. There are indications of the meaning of resilience factors in the practice of muhasabah in the form of the ability to regulate emotions, develop optimism and empathy, control impulses and causal analysis, good self-efficacy and take wisdom as an indication of aspects of the reaching out process. The results of this study are helpful information in developing the concept and practice of caring for children with special needs.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdullah Hadziq. (2005). Rekonsiliasi Psikologi Sufistik dan Humanistik (Muhammad Nor Ichwan (ed.)). RaSAIL.

Ahmad Farid. (2017). Tazkiyatun Nufus wa Tarbiyatuha Kama Yuqorriruhu ’Ulama is Salaf: Abu Hamid Al Ghazali, Ibnu Qayyim, Ibnu Rajab Al Hanbali...(terj). Taqiya Publishing.

Al Azhari, B. I. al H. (2013). Pembersihan Jiwa: Menurut Al-Quran, Al- Sunnah & Amalan Salafus Soleh. Al-Hidayah House Of Publishers.

Al Ghazali. (2005). Penyingkapan Hati Kepada Rahasia-Rahasia Ilahi, terj. Pustaka Nasional.

Andri Setiawan, M. (2018). Keterampilan Resiliensi Dalam Perspektif Surah Ad Dhuha. Jurnal Fokus Konseling, 4(1), 37. https://doi.org/10.26638/jfk.534.2099

Apostelina, E. (2017). Resiliensi Keluarga Pada Keluarga Yang Memiliki Anak Autis. JPPP - Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengukuran Psikologi, 1(1), 164–176. https://doi.org/10.21009/jppp.011.22

Arasy, S. S. (2014). Urgensi Muhasabah (Introspeksi Diri) di Era Kontemporer (Studi Ma’anil Hadis) [UIN Sunan KalijagaYogyakarta]. https://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/11715/1/BAB I%2C V%2C DAFTAR PUSTAKA.pdf

Ardana. (2014). Resiliensi dan Sabar sebagai Respon Pertahanan Psikologis dalam Menghadapi Post-Traumatic. Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah, 6(2), 312. https://doi.org/10.15575/jid.v6i2.340

Ardana. (2020). Proses Penyembuhan Gejala Kejiwaan Berbasis Islamic Intervention Of Psychology. NALAR: Jurnal Peradaban Dan Pemikiran Islam, 3(2), 134–147. https://doi.org/10.23971/njppi.v3i2.1677

Ardana, E., & Sholichatun, Y. (2014). Resiliensi Pada Orang Dengan Hiv Aids (Odha). Jurnal Psikoislamika I, 11(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.18860/psi.v11i1.6373

Aswar, A., Usman, M. H., & Iskandar, A. (2020). Strategi Terapiutik Korban Homoseks: Studi Terhadap Pemikiran Ibnu Qayyim al-Jauziyah. ISLAMIC COUNSELING Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam, 4(2), 127. https://doi.org/10.29240/jbk.v4i2.1789

Desmita. (2010). Psikologi Perkembangan. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Dwiwardani, C., Hill, P. C., Bollinger, R. A., Marks, L. E., Steele, J. R., Doolin, H. N., Wood, S. L., Hook, J. N., & Davis, D. E. (2014). Virtues Develop from a Secure Base: Attachment and Resilience as Predictors of Humility, Gratitude, and Forgiveness. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42(1), 83–90. https://doi.org/10.1177/009164711404200109

Fathonah, S., & Hernawati, N. (2018). Hubungan Orang Tua-Guru dan Praktik Pengasuhan Ibu pada Keluarga yang Memiliki Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus (ABK). Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga Dan Konsumen, 11(3), 219–230. https://doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2018.11.3.219

Hasanah, U., & Retnowati, S. (2017). Resiliensi Ibu Singel Parent Dengan Anak Tuna Ganda. Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology, 3(3), 151–161. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22146/gamajop.44106

Hasyim, A. U. (2014). Menjadikan Muslim Kaffah: Berdasarkan Al-Quran dan Sunnah Nabi s.a.w. Mitra Pustaka.

Herrman, H., Stewart, D. E., Diaz-Granados, N., Berger, E. L., Jackson, B., & Yuen, T. (2011). What is resilience? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 56(5), 258–265. https://doi.org/10.1177/070674371105600504

Hornor, G. (2017). Resilience. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 31(3), 384–390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedhc.2016.09.005

Isfani, R. S., & Paramita, P. P. (2021). Pengaruh Self-compassion terhadap Resiliensi Orang Tua dari Anak dengan Autism Spectrum Disorder ( ASD ). Buletin Riset Psikologi Dan Kesehatan Mental, 1(2), 1331–1346.

Jackson, R., & Watkin, C. (2006). The resilience inventory: Seven essential skills for overcoming life’s obstacles and determining happiness. Selection & Development Review, 6(20). https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/SDR-The-resilience-inventory%3A-Seven-essential-for-Jackson-Watkin/69b08aae9a0974ff088665ca00353c6f6bb99887

Khairunisa Rani, Rafikayati, A., & Jauhari, M. N. (2018). Keterlibatan Orangtua Dalam Penanganan Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Jurnal Abadimas Adi Buana, 2(1), 55–64. https://doi.org/10.36456/abadimas.v2.i1.a1636

Mangunsong. (2009). Psikologi dan Pendidikan Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Lembaga Sarana Pengukuran dan Pendidikan Psikologi.

Prianggi, A. (2016). Resiliensi Orangtua Yang Mempunyai Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 11(2), 72–81. http://dx.doi.org/10.30587/psikosains.v11i2.638

Rahayuningsih, S. I., & Andriani, R. (2011). Gambaran Penyesuaian Diri Orang Tua Yang Memiliki Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus Di Banda Aceh. Idea Nursing Jurnal, 2(3), 167–175. https://doi.org/10.52199/inj.v2i3.6379

Rajab, K. (2012). Agama Kebahagiaan: Energi Positif Iman, Islam dan Ihsan Untuk Menjaga Kesehatan Psikologi dan Melahirkan Kepribadian Qurani. Pustaka Pesantren.

Reivich, & Shatte. (2002). The Resilience Factor: 7 Keys to Finding Your Inner Strenght and Overcoming Life’s Hurdles. Three Rivers Press.

Saefulloh, A. (2018). Muhasabah Sebagai Upaya Rehabilitasi Eks-Pecandu Narkoba Di Yayasan Suci Hati Padang. Nidhomul Haq: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 3(1), 44–56. https://doi.org/10.31538/nidhomulhaq.v3i1.101

Southwick, S. M., Bonanno, G. A., Masten, A. S., Panter-Brick, C., & Yehuda, R. (2014). Resilience definitions, theory, and challenges: Interdisciplinary perspectives. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5. https://doi.org/10.3402/ejpt.v5.25338

Ungar, M. (2013). Resilience, Trauma, Context, and Culture. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 14(3), 255–266. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838013487805

Valentia, S., Sani, R., & Anggreany, Y. (2020). Hubungan antara resiliensi dan penerimaan orang tua pada ibu dari anak yang terdiagnosis Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat, 4(1), 43–57. https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu59

Wahidah, E. Y. (2016). Evita Yuliatul Wahidah , Psikoterapi Islami terhadap Psikopatologi. Jurnal Muaddib, 06(02), 219–244. http://dx.doi.org/10.24269/muaddib.v6i2.285

Wahidah, E. Y. (2018). Resiliensi Perspektif Al Quran. Jurnal Islam Nusantara, 2(1), 105. https://doi.org/10.33852/jurnalin.v2i1.73

Yumna, Wardana, G. K., Fauziah, H., Bachtiar, S. S., Muslikhin, & Novitasari, E. (2021). Implementasi Terapi Muhasabah Sebagai Upaya Memelihara Kesehatan Mental Dalam Usaha Penanggulangan Adiksi Narkoba ( Studi Lapangan Lapas Narkotika Cirebon ). Syifa Al Qulub, Jurnal Studi Psikoterapi Sufistik, 6(1). https://doi.org/DOI : 10.15575/saq.v6i1.13221

Published
2021-12-04
How to Cite
Nida, F. L. K. (2021). Kontribusi Muhasabah dalam Mengembangkan Resiliensi Pada Orang Tua Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi, 6(2), 244-262. https://doi.org/10.33367/psi.v6i2.1715