Konformitas Kelompok dan Polikulturalisme pada Mahasiswa Perantau

  • Alya Fikriyati Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Muhammad Fath Mashuri Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Diah Karmiyati Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
Keywords: Group Conformity, Intergroup Relation, Polyculturalism


The level of conformity determines personal unwillingness to engage with another social group. Conformity is a type of individual adaptability to a social group affected by social influence. Polyculturalism is defined as the belief that cultures constantly change through different racial and ethnic groups’ interactions, influences, and exchanges by not losing ethnic/group’s identity. This study aims to know the effect of conformity to Polyculturalism on college students from the outer region in Malang City. This research uses quantitative methods with purposive sampling. One hundred seventy-seven respondents gathered from regional organization members who live in regional dormitories. This research used five items of the Polyculturalism scale and eight items from the conformity scale. This study showed a positive correlation between conformity and Polyculturalism (R=0,372, P=0,000<0,005). The contribution of conformity to Polyculturalism is 13,8%.


Download data is not yet available.


Aslati. (2012). Toleransi Antar Umat Beragama Dalam Prespektif Islam. In Media Ilmiah Komunikasi Umat Beragama (Vol. 4, pp. 52–57).

Bauto, L. M. (2014). Perspektif Agama dan Kebudayaan dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Indonesia (Suatu Tinjauan Sosiologi Agama). Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial, 56.

Bernardo, A. B. I., & Presbitero, A. (2017). Belief in polyculturalism and cultural intelligence: Individual- and country-level differences. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 307–310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.08.006

Bernardo, A. B. I., Rosenthal, L., & Levy, S. R. (2013). Polyculturalism and attitudes towards people from other countries. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37(3), 335–344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2012.12.005

Cho, J., W. Morris, M., Slepian, M. L., & Tadmor, C. T. (2017). Choosing fusion: The effects of diversity ideologies on preference for culturally mixed experiences. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 69, 163–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2016.06.013

Dow, B. J., Wood, T. J. (2006). The SAGE handbook of gender and communication. SAGE Publication, Inc

Healy, E., Thomas, E., & Pedersen, A. (2017). Prejudice, polyculturalism, and the influence of contact and moral exclusion: A comparison of responses toward LGBI, TI, and refugee groups. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47(7), 389–399. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12446

Helandiaz, A. (2013). Keterkaitan karakter, watak terhadap budaya masyarakat indonesia timur yang mempengaruhi perkembangan masyarakat indonesia timur.

Kelley, R. D. G. (1999). The people in me. Utne Reader, 95, 79–81

Mehrabian, A., & Stefl, C. A. (1995). Basic Temperament Components Of Loneliness, Shyness, And Conformity. Journal Social Behavior And Personality 23(3) 253-264

Mulder, N. (2001). Mistisisme jawa-ideologi di indonesia. Yogyakarta: LKiS Yogyakarta.

Pettigrew, T. F., & Meertens, R. W. (1995). Subtle and blatant prejudice in western europe. European Journal of Social Psychology.

Prashad, V. (2001). Everybody Was Kung Fu Fighting.

Rosenthal, L., & Levy, S. R. (2012). The relation between polyculturalism and intergroup attitudes among racially and ethnically diverse adults. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 18(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026490

Rosenthal, L., & Levy, S. R. (2013). Thinking about mutual influences and connections across cultures relates to more positive intergroup attitudes: An examination of polyculturalism. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7(8), 547–558. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12043

Rosenthal, L., Levy, S. R., Katser, M., & Bazile, C. (2015). Polyculturalism and attitudes toward Muslim Americans. Peace and Conflict, 21(4), 535–545. https://doi.org/10.1037/pac0000133

Rosenthal, L., Levy, S. R., & Moss, I. (2012). Polyculturalism and openness about criticizing one’s culture: Implications for sexual prejudice. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 15(2), 149–165. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430211412801

Rosenthal, L., Ramirez, L., Levy, S. R., & Bernardo, A. B. I. (2019). Polyculturalism: Viewing cultures as dynamically connected and its implications for intercultural attitudes in colombia. Avances En Psicologia Latinoamericana, 37(1), 133–151. https://doi.org/10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/apl/a.7175

Tjipto, S., & Bernardo, A. B. I. (2019). Constraints in the meanings of lay theories of culture in a culturally homogeneous society: A mixed-methods study on multiculturalism and polyculturalism in Wonosobo, Indonesia. Cogent Psychology, 6(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2019.1569835

Vatmawati, S. (2019). Hubungan Konformitas Siswa dengan Pengambilan Keputusan Karir. Jurnal SAP Vol 1 No 3 Webometrics.(2016).Ranking Web Of Universities. Diunduh darihttp://www.webometrics.info/en/Asia/indonesia%20

Zikmund, W, G., Sciglimpaglia D., Lundstrom, J, W., & Cowell, G, D. (1984). The Effects Of Gender And Product Stereotyping On Conformity Judgements : An Experiment. Advance in Consumer Research, 11, 265-269.

How to Cite
Fikriyati, A., Mashuri, M. F., & Karmiyati , D. (2021). Konformitas Kelompok dan Polikulturalisme pada Mahasiswa Perantau. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi, 6(1), 110-119. https://doi.org/10.33367/psi.v6i1.1376