Karakteristik Kepribadian Narapidana Kasus Pembunuhan Berencana Ditinjau dari Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2

  • Rahel Gloria Natalia Abel Universitas Surabaya
  • Setyani Alfinuha Universitas Surabaya
Keywords: Prisoner, premeditated murder, MMPI-2


Crime as premeditated murder is one of the main problems in Indonesia. The prevalence of murder cases tends to increase. Personality characteristics that play a role in the case of premeditated murder are unique. Prison convicts have varied and unique personality compared to people in general. A test uses to find out the personality traits that were needed to administer. Thus, the diagnosis and application of intervention were preciseness. The measuring instrument employed in this study was the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2). This study aims to determine the psychopathological indications of convicted murder cases in MMPI-2. The sampling technique used purposive sampling with one participant planning murder who was serving a prison sentence of 20 years. The result is participants had a psychopathological predisposition to schizophrenia (84 = very high), paranoia (83 = very high), and hypomania (81 = very high). A prisoner with this kind of psychopathological predisposition tended to feel insecure, lonely, anxious, and depressed but sometimes also felt happy or have excessive energy. The participant also avoided social relations and did not want to involve emotions deeply. The results of MMPI-2 showed that the characteristics of schizophrenia, paranoid, hypomania might encourage someone to commit sadistic behavior such as serial killings


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Rahel Gloria Natalia Abel, Universitas Surabaya

stundent in Surabaya University


De Zulueta, F. (2006). From Pain to Violance: The Traumatic Roots of Destructiveness. John Wiley & Sons.

Grossman, D. (2009). On killing, the psychological cost of learning to kill in war and society. Canada: Little Brown Company.

Hakkanen, H. (2007). Murder by Manual and Ligature Strangulation. In R. N. Kocsis (Ed.). Criminal Profilling: International Theory, Research, and Practive. Kocsis. Humana Press Inc (73 – 87). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press Inc.

Helfgott, J. B. (2008). Criminal behavior: Theories, thypologies, and criminal justice. California : SAGE Publications.

Howitt, D. (2009). Introducing to forensic and criminal psychology (3rd Eds.). London: Pearson Education.

Hughes, N. S., Macaulay, A. M., & Crichton, J. H. (2012). Kitchen Knives and Homicide by Mentally Disordered Offenders: A Systematic Analysis of Homicide Inquiries in England 1994 – 2010. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 23 ( 5 – 6_, 599 – 570.

Knight, Z. G. (2007). Sexually Motivated Serial Killers and the Psychology of Aggression and “Evil” within a Contemporary Psychoanalytical Perspective, Journal of Sexual Agression, 13 (1), 21 – 35.

Krahe, B. (2005). Perilaku agresif: Buku panduan psikologi sosial. Alih Bahasa: Helly P. Soetjipto dan Sri Mulyantini Soetjipto. Yogyakarta: PT. Pustaka Pelajar.

Krakowski, M., Valavka, J., Brizer, D. (1986). Psychopathology and Violance: A Review of Literature. Comprehensive Psychiarty, 27 (2), 131 – 148.

Meehan, J., Flynn, S., Hunt, I. M., Robinson, J., Bickley, H., Parsons, R., Shaw, J. (2006). Perpetrators of Homicide with Schizophrenia: A National Clinical Survey in England and Wales. Psychiatric Services, 57, 1648 – 1651.

Minero, V. A., Dickson, H., Barker, E., Flynn, S., Ibrahim, S., & Shaw, J. (2018). The Pattern of Homicide Offence Characteristic and Their Assosiations of Offender Psychopathology. J Investing Psychol Offender Profil, 15, 304 – 318.

Oram, S. Flynn, S. M., Shaw, J., Appleby, L., & Howard, L. M. (2013). Mental Illness and Domestic Homicide: A Population-based Descriptive Study. Psychiatric Services, 64 (10), 1006 – 1011.

Steury, E. H. & Choinski, M. (1995). “Normal” Crimes and Mental Disorder: A Two-group Comparation of Deadly and Dangerous Felionies. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 18 (27).

Yeni, F., Putra, A.A., Rahayuningsih, T. (2017). Pemrofilan Kriminal Pelaku Pembunuhan Berencana, Psychopolytan, 1 (1), 1 – 10.

How to Cite
Abel, R. G. N., & Alfinuha, S. (2020). Karakteristik Kepribadian Narapidana Kasus Pembunuhan Berencana Ditinjau dari Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi, 5(2), 184-199. https://doi.org/10.33367/psi.v5i2.1140