Kesesakan sebagai Prediktor Kesejahteraan Psikologis: Studi di Kampung Biru Arema Kota Malang

  • Agung Minto Wahyu Universitas Negeri Malang
  • Luky Karisma Universitas Negeri Malang
  • Qoni’atur Ridwan Universitas Negeri Malang
  • Anita Hariyanti Universitas Negeri Malang
  • Mochammad Sa’id Universitas Negeri Malang
Keywords: Density, Crowded, Psychological well-being, Slum village


Every human who lives in the world has aspirations for prosperity in his life. This well-being is not only materially, but also psychological well-being. However, the increasing density of the physical environment will potentially lead to the perception of crowding and have an impact on the psychological well-being of individuals. This study aims to investigate the effect of distress on psychological well-being in the community in Kampung Biru Arema Malang. This study uses a quantitative correlational design with regression analysis to determine the effect of the crowding variable on the psychological well-being variable. Respondents selected as samples in this study were 38 people who were residents of Kampung Biru Arema. The samples were conducted research using non-probability sampling technique is purposive sampling. Data collected by using two scales, the scale of distress and the psychological well-being scale. The results of this study indicate that adversity has a significant negative influence as a predictor of psychological well-being in communities in Kampung Biru Arema Malang (t hitung= -3,213; p<0.05; R Square = 0,223). This study concludes that individuals who perceive the density as crowding will decrease their psychological well-being.


Adegoke, A. A. (2014). Perceived Effects of Overcrowding on the Physical and Psychological Health of Hostel Occupants in Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science.

Altman, I. (1975). The Effects of Crowding and Social Behaviour. California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Casas, F., Bello, A., & UNICEF. (2012). Childrens Well-Being from Their Own Point of View. Espana Madrid: UNICEF.

Clauson-Kaas, J., Dzikus, A., Surjadi, C., Jensen, H., Hojlyng, N., Aaby, P., … Stephens, C. (1997). Crowding and Health in Low-Income Settlements, United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat). England: Avebury.

Desiningrum, D. R. (2014). Kesejahteraan Psikologis Lansia Janda/Duda Ditinjau dari Persepsi terhadap Dukungan Sosial dan Gender. Jurnal Psikologi Undip, 13(2), 102–106.

Ellisa, E. (2016). Coping with Crowding in High-Density Kampung Housing of Jakarta. International Journal of Architecture Research (IJAR), 10(1), 195–212.

Evans, G. W., Lercher, P., & Kofler, W. W. (2002). Crowding and Children’s Mental Health: The Role of House Type. Journal of Environmental Psychology.

Fatwa, N. (2014). Kepadatan, Kesesakan, Privasi, dan Kesejahteraan Subjektif Keluarga di Pemukiman Marginal Kota Bogor. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Fauzia, A. (2016). Hubungan Crowding (Kesesakan) dengan Domain Children Well-Being pada Usia 10-12 Tahun di Panti Sosial Asuhan Anak Muhammadiyah Cabang Sumur. Skripsi. Bandung. Universitas Islam Bandung.

Gifford, R. (2012). Environmental Psychology: Principles and Practice. Encyclopedia of Human Behavior: Second Edition.

Gove, W. R., Hughes, M., & Galle, O. R. (1980). Overcrowding in the Home: an Empirical Investigation of Its Possible Pathological Consequences (Chicago). The Consumer Experience of Housing, 44, 59–80.

Gudykunst, W. B., & Kim, Y. Y. (1997). Communicating With Strangers: An Approach to Intercultural Communication. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Gudykunst, William B., & Lee, C. M. (2002). The Handbook of Intercultural Communication. Germany: Mouton de Gruyter

Hofstede, G. (1994). Culture and Organizations. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Hu, Y., & Coulter, R. (2017). Living Space and Psychological Well-Being in Urban China: Differentiated Relationships Across Socio-Economic Gradients. Environment and Planning A, 49(4), 911–929.

Iskandar, Z. (2012). Psikologi Lingkungan Teori dan Konsep. Bandung: Reflika Aditama.

Jones-Rounds, M. L., Evans, G. W., & Braubach, M. (2014). The Interactive Effects of Housing and Neighbourhood Quality on Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Karimi, R., & Alipour, F. (2011). Reduce Job Stress in Organization: Role of Locus of Control. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 18(2), 231–236.

Tim Redaksi Kumparan. (2018). Kampung Biru Arema: Dulu Kumuh Kini Jadi Lokasi Wisata Baru. Kumparan. Retrieved from

Levenson, H. (1981). Differentiating Among Internality, Powerful Others, and Chance. Research with the Locus of Control Construct, 1(-), 15–63.

Oliver, K. (2002). Psychology in Practice: Environment. London: Hodder Arnold.

Oyserman, D., Coon, H. M., & Kemmelmeier, M. (2002). Rethinking Individualism and Collectivism: Evaluation of Theoretical Assumptions and Meta-analyses. Psychological Bulletin, 128(1), 3–72.

Prabowo, A. (2016). Kesejahteraan psikologis remaja di sekoah. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Terapan, 4(1), 246–260.

Riva, M., Larsen, C. V., & Bjerregaard, P. (2014). Household Crowding and Psychosocial Health among Inuit in Greenland. International Journal of Public Health.

Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is Everything, or is it? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069–1081.

Ryff, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The Structure of Psychological Well-Being Revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(4), 719–727.

Sarafino, E. P., & Smith, T. W. (2012). Health Psychology : Biopsychosocial Interactions (7th ed.). United States of America : John Willey & Sons Inc.

Sarwono, S. W. (2017). Psikologi Lingkungan dan Pembangunan. Bogor: Mitra Wacana Media.

Solari, C. D., & Mare, R. D. (2012). Housing Crowding Effects on Children’s Wellbeing. Social Science Research, 41(2), 464–476.

Sugiyono. (2016). Metodologi Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: CV Alfabeta.

Tarigan, N. B. (2017). Hubungan Perilaku Prososial dengan Psychological Well Being pada Pelayan Khusus di GBKP. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Temitope, B. E., & Maria, O. (2016). Effects Of Housing Quality And Overcrowding On Psychological Wellbeing Of Residents In Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR ), 21(11), 14–22.

How to Cite
Wahyu, A. M., Karisma, L., Ridwan, Q., Hariyanti, A., & Sa’id, M. (2020). Kesesakan sebagai Prediktor Kesejahteraan Psikologis: Studi di Kampung Biru Arema Kota Malang. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi, 5(2), 157-170.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.