Wudu as Islamic Psychotherapy to Improve Sleep Quality in Young Women

Keywords: Wudu therapy, Sleep quality, Islamic psychotherapy


Many previous studies have tried to find therapies in dealing with poor sleep quality in women. Where many researchers find that women are more likely to have poor sleep quality than men. Therefore, this study is to prove the effectiveness of wudu as a psychotherapy for sleep quality. This research is a quantitative pre-experimental research with One-Group Pretest-Posttest Design. Research respondents were determined by the purposive sampling technique (N = 17) all of them were young women. To measure sleep quality using the Sleep Quality Scale developed by Yi, Shin, and Shin (2006). Data analysis techniques using the Paired Samples T-Test technique using the help of JASP (Jeffrey's Amazing Statistics Program) version: This study found that wudu therapy is effective in improving sleep quality in young women by focusing on increasing satisfaction with sleep which consists of three indicators namely: 1) Satisfaction Level with overall sleep; 2) Sleep tight; 3) Enough sleep.


Anuar, A. I. M., Nubli, A. W. M., & Yusma, M. Y. N. (2017). The Significant Effect of Wudu’ and Zikr in the Controlling of Emotional Pressure Using Biofeedback Emwave Technique. International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, 1(4).

Bhat, A. M., & Qureshi, A. A. (2013). Significance of Personal Hygiene from Islamic Perspective. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS, 10(5), 35–39. Retrieved from www.Iosrjournals.Org

Bogart, S., Cates, K., Cecire, J., Curtin, D., Czarnowski, D., Deronda, A., … Varilias, L. (2018). JASP Manual. (Susan A. Nolan’s, Ed.). New Jersey: Seton Hall University’s.

Burgard, S. A., & Ailshire, J. A. (2013). Gender and Time for Sleep among U.S. Adults. American Sociological Review, 78(1), 51–69. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003122412472048

Cozby, P. C., & Bates, S. C. (2015). Methods in Behavioral Research. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Educational Research (Vol. 4). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design : qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th Edition). Thousan Oaks: Sage Publication.

Espie, C. A., Kyle, S. D., Hames, P., Gardani, M., Fleming, L., & Cape, J. (2014). The Sleep Condition Indicator: a clinical screening tool to evaluate insomnia disorder. BMJ Open, 4. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2013

Goss Sampson, M. A. (2018). Statistical Analysis In JASP: A Guide For Students. Greenwich: Centre for Science and Medicine in Sport University of Greenwich.

Hariawan, H., Haryanto, J., & Ulfiana, E. (2017). Wudu Improving Sleep Quality on Elderly with Insomnia. In Proceedings of the 8th International Nursing Conference on Education, Practice and Research Development in Nursing (INC 2017). Paris: Atlantis Press. https://doi.org/Atlantis Press

Harvey, A. G., Stinson, K., Whitaker, K. L., Moskovitz, D., & Virk, H. (2008). The subjective meaning of sleep quality: A comparison of individuals with and without insomnia. Sleep, 31(3), 383–393. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/31.3.383

Irmak, M. K. (2014). Medical aspects of ablution and prayer. Journal of Experimental and Integrative Medicine, 4(2), 147. https://doi.org/10.5455/jeim.291213.hp.010

Kline, C. (2013). Sleep Quality. In J. R. Gellman Marc D.and Turner (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine (pp. 1811–1813). Inbook, New York, NY: Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_849

Lai, P.-P., & Say, Y.-H. (2013). Associated Factors of Sleep Quality and Behavior among Students of Two Tertiary Institutions in Northern Malaysia. Med J Malaysia, 68(3). Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237084744

Madrid-Valero, J. J., Martínez-Selva, J. M., Ribeiro do Couto, B., Sánchez-Romera, J. F., & Ordoñana, J. R. (2017). Efecto de la edad y el sexo sobre la prevalencia de una pobre calidad del sueño en población adulta. Gaceta Sanitaria, 31(1), 18–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.05.013

Mallampalli, M. P., & Carter, C. L. (2014). Exploring Sex and Gender Differences in Sleep Health: A Society for Women’s Health Research Report. Journal Of Women’s Health, 23(7). https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2014.4816

M Sabra, S. M. (2018). Ablution (Wudu) health benefits (HBs) through comparison nasal–cavity (NC) bacterial–content (BC) with gold–standard (GS) at high–altitude (HA) area, Taif, KSA. Journal of Applied Biotechnology & Bioengineering, 5(6). https://doi.org/10.15406/jabb.2018.05.00160

Ohayon, M., Wickwire, E. M., Hirshkowitz, M., Albert, S. M., Avidan, A., Daly, F. J., … Vitiello, M. V. (2016). National Sleep Foundation’s sleep quality recommendations: first report ☆. Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation, 3, 6–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2016.11.006

Pereira, E. C. A., Schmitt, A. C. B., Cardoso, M. R. A., Pereira, W. M. P., Lorenzi-Filho, G., Blumel, J. E., & Aldrighi, J. M. (2012). Prevalência da sonolência diurna excessiva e fatores associados em mulheres de 35 a 49 anos de idade do “Projeto de Saúde de Pindamonhangaba” (PROSAPIN). Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira, 58(4), 447–452. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302012000400015

Reza, I. F. (2016). Teori dan Praktik Psikoterapi Islam. Palembang: Noer Fikri Offset.

Reza, I. F. (2017). Statistika Psikologi. Palembang: Noer Fikri Offset.

Reza, I. F., & Magfiroh. (2016). Psikologi Ibadah Peran Ritual Agama Dalam Kehidupan Manusia. Palembang: Noer Fikri Offset.

Robinson, L., Smith, M., Segal, R., & Segal, J. (2019). Therapy for Sleep Disorders. Retrieved from https://www.helpguide.org/articles/sleep/therapy-for-sleep-disorders.htm?pdf=13846

Rothman, A. (2018). An Islamic Theoretical Orientation to Psychotherapy. In Islamically Integrated Psychotherapy: Uniting Faith and Professional Practice (pp. 25–56). West Conshohocken: Templeton Press. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326782305

Rothman, A., & Coyle, A. (2018). Toward a Framework for Islamic Psychology and Psychotherapy: An Islamic Model of the Soul. Journal of Religion and Health, 57(5), 1731–1744. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0651-x

Royal Society for Public Health. (2016). Waking up to the health benefits of sleep Section Page. London.

Sari, D. C. (2018). Wudhu As a Succession of Mental Revolution For Future Generation. Journal of Educational Science and Technology (EST), 4(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.26858/est.v4i1.3775

Shim, J., & Kang, S. W. (2017). Behavioral Factors Related to Sleep Quality and Duration in Adults. Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 7(1), 18–26. https://doi.org/10.15280/jlm.2017.7.1.18

Taufiq, M. (2013). Quran in Word Ver 1.3. Taufiq Product.

Vallières, A., Roy, M., Bastille-Denis, E., Claveau, S., & Simon, T. (2015). Exploring a Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia in Shift Workers. Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy, 4(3). https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-0277.1000202

World Health Organization. (2004). WHO Technical Meeting On Sleep and Health. Bonn Germany.

Yasin, Q. A. F. (2012). Physical And Spiritual Miracles Of Muslims’ Ablution. International Journal of Quranic Research, 3(2), 67–83. Retrieved from https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/quranica/article/view/5211/3015

Yi, H., Shin, K., & Shin, C. (2006). Development of the Sleep Quality Scale. J. Sleep Res, 15, 309–316.

How to Cite
Fani Reza, I. (2020). Wudu as Islamic Psychotherapy to Improve Sleep Quality in Young Women. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi, 5(1), 64-75. https://doi.org/10.33367/psi.v5i1.1042

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.