Bangkit Saja atau Sudah Berkembang: Perbandingan Resiliensi Pada Mahasiswa

  • Aprezo Pardodi Maba Institut Agama Islam Ma'arif NU Metro Lampung

Abstract

Resiliensi merupakan sebuah istilah untuk menggambarkan keadaan dimana seseorang mampu bangkit kembali ke keadaan semula setelah mendapatkan suatu peristiwa psikologis yang mengganggu. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mendeskripsikan dan melihat perbedaan resiliensi mahasiswa Lampung dan mahasiswa Sumatera Selatan.  Instrumen yang digunakan adalah brief resilience scale. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif dekriptif dan uji beda T-Test sebagai analisis statistik deskriptif untuk mengetahui perbedaan resiliensi antara dua sampel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan signifikan meskipun resiliesnsi mahasiswa Sumatera Selatan dan mahasiswa Lampung berada dalam kategori resiliensi yang berbeda dan rata-rata resiliensi mahasiswa Lampung lebih tinggi dari pada mahasiswa Sumatera Selatan.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adger, W. N. (2000). Social and Ecological Resilience: Are They Related? Progress in Human Geography, 24(3), 347–364. https://doi.org/10.1191/030913200701540465
Arikunto, S. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian, Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Aselton, P. (2012). Sources of Stress and Coping in American College Students Who Have Been Diagnosed With Depression: Sources of Stress and Coping in American College Students Who Have Been Diagnosed With Depression. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 25(3), 119–123. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6171.2012.00341.x
Bull, S. J., Shambrook, C. J., James, W., & Brooks, J. E. (2005). Towards an Understanding of Mental Toughness in Elite English Cricketers. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17(3), 209–227. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200591010085
Carver, C. S. (1998). Resilience and thriving: Issues, models, and linkages. Journal of Social Issues, 54(2), 254–266.
Carver, C. S., Scheirer, M. F., & Segerstorm, S. C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(7), 879–889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006
Diehl, M., & Hay, E. L. (2010). Risk and resilience factors in coping with daily stress in adulthood: the role of age, self-concept incoherence, and personal control. Developmental Psychology, 46(5), 1132.
Galli, N., & Vealey, R. S. (2008). “Bouncing back” from adversity: Athletes’ experiences of resilience. The Sport Psychologist, 22(3), 316–335.
Hamaideh, S. H. (2011). Stressors and Reactions to Stressors Among University Students. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 57(1), 69–80. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764010348442
Hasil Pencarian - KBBI Daring. (n.d.). Retrieved December 24, 2017, from https://kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id/entri/resiliensi
Holaday, M., & McPhearson, R. W. (1997). Resilience and severe burns. Journal of Counseling & Development, 75(5), 346–356. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1997.tb02350.x
Horton, T. V., & Wallander, J. L. (2001). Hope and social support as resilience factors against psychological distress of mothers who care for children with chronic physical conditions. Rehabilitation Psychology, 46(4), 382.
Hunter, A. J. (2001). A cross-cultural comparison of resilience in adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 16(3), 172–179. https://doi.org/10.1053/jpdn.2001.24180
Karp, M. M. (2011). Toward a New Understanding of Non-Academic Student Support: Four Mechanisms Encouraging Positive Student Outcomes in the Community College. CCRC Working Paper No. 28. Assessment of Evidence Series. Community College Research Center, Columbia University.
Kelberer, L. J. A., Kraines, M. A., & Wells, T. T. (2018). Optimism, Hope, and Attention for Emotional Stimuli. Personality and Individual Differences, 124, 84–90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.12.003
Kohn, J. P., & Frazer, G. H. (1986). An Academic Stress Scale: Identification and Rated Importance of Academic Stressors. Psychological Reports, 59(2), 415–426.
Listyandini, R. A., & Akmal, S. A. (2015). Hubungan antara kekuatan karakter dan resiliensi pada mahasiswa. Prosiding Temu Ilmiah Nasional Psikologi. Jakarta: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Pancasila.
Mahmoud, J. S. R., Staten, R. “Topsy,” Hall, L. A., & Lennie, T. A. (2012). The Relationship among Young Adult College Students’ Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Demographics, Life Satisfaction, and Coping Styles. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 33(3), 149–156. https://doi.org/10.3109/01612840.2011.632708
Pahlevi, R., Sugiharto, D. Y. P., & Jafar, M. (2017). Prediksi Self-Esteem, Social Support dan Religiusitas terhadap Resiliensi. Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling, 6(1), 90–93.
Reivich, K. J., Seligman, M. E. P., & McBride, S. (2011). Master resilience training in the U.S. Army. American Psychologist, 66(1), 25–34. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021897
Roisman, G. I., Masten, A. S., Coatsworth, J. D., & Tellegen, A. (2004). Salient and emerging developmental tasks in the transition to adulthood. Child Development, 75(1), 123–133.
Setyowati, A., Hartati, S., & Sawitri, D. R. (2010). Hubungan antara Kecerdasan Emosional dengan Resiliensi pada Siswa Penghuni Rumah Damai. Jurnal Psikologi Undip, 7(1), 67–77.
Sideridis, G. D. (2008). The regulation of affect, anxiety, and stressful arousal from adopting mastery-avoidance goal orientations. Stress and Health, 24(1), 55–69. https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.1160
Smith, B. W., Dalen, J., Wiggins, K., Tooley, E., Christopher, P., & Bernard, J. (2008). The brief resilience scale: Assessing the ability to bounce back. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15(3), 194–200. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705500802222972
Stevens-Watkins, D., Sharma, S., Knighton, J. S., Oser, C. B., & Leukefeld, C. G. (2015). Examining Cultural Correlates of Active Coping Among African American Female Trauma Survivors. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy, 6(4), 328–336. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0034116
Sugiyono. (2011). Statistik untuk Penelitian. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Thelwell, R. C., Weston, N. J. V., & Greenlees, I. A. (2007). Batting on a sticky wicket: Identifying sources of stress and associated coping strategies for professional cricket batsmen. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8(2), 219–232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.04.002
Uchino, B. N., Berg, C. A., Smith, T. W., Pearce, G., & Skinner, M. (2006). Age-related differences in ambulatory blood pressure during daily stress: Evidence for greater blood pressure reactivity with age. Psychology and Aging, 21(2), 231–239. https://doi.org/10.1037/0882-7974.21.2.231
Verheijden, M. W., Bakx, J. C., van Weel, C., Koelen, M. A., & van Staveren, W. A. (2005). Role of social support in lifestyle focused weight management interventions. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(1), 179–186.
Verheijen, R. (2014). The Original Guide to Football Periodisation: Always Play with Your Strongest Team (1st ed.). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: World Football Academy.
Widuri, E. L. (2012). Regulasi emosi dan resiliensi pada mahasiswa tahun pertama. HUMANITAS (Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia), 9(2).
Wilks, S. E., & Spivey, C. A. (2010). Resilience in Undergraduate Social Work Students: Social Support and Adjustment to Academic Stress1. Social Work Education, 29(3), 276–288. https://doi.org/10.1080/02615470902912243
Woodhead, E. L., Northrop, L., & Edelstein, B. (2016). Stress, Social Support, and Burnout Among Long-Term Care Nursing Staff. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 35(1), 84–105. https://doi.org/10.117/0733464814542465
Published
2018-06-24
How to Cite
MABA, Aprezo Pardodi. Bangkit Saja atau Sudah Berkembang: Perbandingan Resiliensi Pada Mahasiswa. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 91-104, june 2018. ISSN 2549-6166. Available at: <http://ejournal.iai-tribakti.ac.id/index.php/psikologi/article/view/500>. Date accessed: 17 oct. 2018.